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Application of OIE Risk Analysis Framework to Formal and Informal Trade of Wildlife: A Framework for Assessing Threats to U.S. National Food Security - Phase I

Principal Investigator: 
Dominic Travis
A report in 2011 by Global Financial Integrity ranks wildlife black markets as the fifth most lucrative in the world, while some experts claim it may rank third after drugs and arms trafficking. The same established supply chains and transportation networks used to smuggle drugs, arms, and humans...

Validation of Gold Nanoparticle DNA-based Biosensors for the Detection of Non-PCR Amplified Bacterial Food Borne Pathogens in Food Matrices

Principal Investigator: 
Sylvia Vetrone
Since the intentional distribution of Bacillus anthracis spores through the US postal system in 2001, the prospect of bioterrorism in food, water, and agriculture has identified critical needs in prevention, protection, and mitigation for homeland security. Towards that end, we recently...

Vulnerability Assessment of Critical Food Additives

Principal Investigator: 
Margaret Rush
The overall objective of this study is to assess vulnerability of the food supply to introduction of a chemical or biological contaminant through a food additive. To our knowledge, no group has performed a vulnerability assessment that considers the intentional contamination of food additives. The...

Foodborne Disease Outbreak Response: Assessing the Legal Framework for Interagency Sharing of Information

Principal Investigator: 
Kerry Wyss
The Association of State and Territorial Health Officials (ASTHO) and its members are uniquely positioned to investigate and identify processes for improving information sharing among state, territorial, and local health agencies and the federal government. Incorporated in 1942, ASTHO is the...

Advancing SERS to field technology for food defense application

Principal Investigator: 
Lili He
The use of biological and chemical toxins as terror agents on the food supply could cause catastrophic consequences to public health and severe economic impact. However, an analytical method that can rapidly detect these agents in dynamic food chains is lacking. Previously, we received NCFPD...

Development of a Quantitative Food Supply Vulnerability Tool Exploring Public Health Risks

Principal Investigator: 
Emma Hartnett
The FSMA (2011) Section 106 requires that a vulnerability assessment of the food system be conducted, including biological, chemical, radiological, or other risk assessments. While defining vulnerability, DHS (2010) noted that a practical measure is the "likelihood that an attack is successful...

Analyzing Ingredient-Product Relationships to Enhance Traceability

Principal Investigator: 
John Ambrosiano
Ingredients commonly used within a particular group of products could potentially be targeted by terrorists to intentionally contaminate many foods simultaneously. Additionally, specialty ingredients, or those having only a few suppliers, could be preferentially chosen because of their potential to...

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