Michigan State University
Based on a sample of over 200 food manufacturers, a survey was used to determine supply chain defense practices, supply chain defense performance, and moderating factors. Using the supply chain competency framework (Closs et al., 2006, Bowersox et al), 2000), reported competencies and performance characteristics were evaluated by quality, security, and supply chain professionals using Likert-scaled questions. Generally, respondents perceive that firms have substantially improved their ability to detect and recover from supply chain incidents. A number of significant differences were found between firm and respondent demographics as they relate to 1) firm security practices and 2) the perceived results of these actions. Auditing, background checks, and establishing emergency training communications, and procedures, and security expenditures differentiated larger firms from smaller firms. Results indicate that firms are primarily focusing their efforts on Process Management, Management Technology, Communications Management, Infrastructure Management, Metrics/Measurement, and Process Strategy competencies.
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