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Incidents Database

Economically Motivated Adulteration (EMA) and Intentional Adulteration (IA) Incidents Database

Information for this database is compiled through literature and media searches of food defense incidents (including terrorism, sabotage, and EMA) in food products. Sources include: LexisNexis, PubMed, Google, FDA Consumer and FDA recall records, state reports, the E.U. Rapid Alert System for Food and Feed (RASFF) portal, and the START Global Terrorism Database (

The database can be freely used for educational and research purposes by non-profit institutions and US government agencies only. Other organizations are allowed to use the database only for evaluation purposes, and any further use will require prior approval and fees. As unestablished research software, this data and supporting website is provided on an "as is'' basis without warranty of any kind, either express or implied. The downloading, accessing, or executing any part of this software constitutes an implicit agreement to these terms. These terms and conditions are subject to change at any time without prior notice.

Substantial effort goes in to providing accurate and complete information in the database. However, FPDI cannot guarantee that there will be no errors. Neither the U.S. Government nor the FPDI assumes any legal liability for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information, products, or processes disclosed herein, or represents that use of such information, products, or processes would not infringe on privately owned rights. FPDI does not endorse or recommend any commercial products, processes, or services. The information in this database does not necessarily state or reflect the perspective of the U.S. Government and the information may not be used for advertising or product endorsement purposes.


EMA Incidents in Database Categorized by Adulteration Type

EMA Food Groups

Food Categories


EMA Incidents Database Categorized by Food Group

EMA Food Categories

EMA Food Groups


Access the FPDI EMA & IA Incidents Database

Access to the EMA Incidents Database is provided through a protected online portal called Stakeholders working in the area of food protection can request access to

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